What to Look for When Buying a Used Car
Buying a used car can be a good option when you’re looking for a quality vehicle without the higher price tag. While a used car can be a sensible option, buyers still need to make smart choices. There’s a lot to look for when buying a used vehicle, but here are some ways to help you choose the right car for you.
Inspect the Car’s Exterior and Interior
Inspect both the outside and inside of the vehicle. Look over the exterior of the vehicle, says CARFAX, checking for scratches, dents and rust. You probably don’t need to be worried about small dings or scratches, but larger areas of damage may be cause for concern. CARFAX also recommends checking to see that body panels line up evenly, as uneven panels may indicate the vehicle was in an accident but not repaired well. It’s also a good idea to open and close the doors, hood and trunk to see how easily they move. Kelley Blue Book (KBB) suggests checking for paint overspray on the inside of the hood, trunk and doors and to be sure the color of the vehicle matches on all parts. If you notice overspray or mismatched paint, that part was likely repaired and repainted.
Inspect the interior by sitting in all the seats and looking for unusual wear and tear in the upholstery, says CARFAX. If the interior of the car smells musty, check the carpet and floor mats for signs of a a leak or water damage.
Go for a Test Drive
Going for a test drive can help you determine the condition of the car and whether it’s a good fit for you, according to Edmunds. You may want to turn the key to the “accessory” position before starting the engine, says KBB. You should see all the dashboard warning lights go on. If they do not light up, or stay on when you turn the ignition, make sure the issue is inspected.
When you start the engine, KBB recommends listening for tapping and clicking sounds, which could indicate a problem. While on a test drive, keep your eyes and ears open. CARFAX suggests driving the car on different types of roads and at varying speeds to see if the transmission shifts smoothly. Make sure to note any unusual engine or brake noises, and whether all of the electronics in the car are working properly. Also, be sure the brakes work properly and do not pull the car to one side, says CARFAX.
Consider the Mileage
While you should take a vehicle’s mileage into consideration, high mileage isn’t necessarily a bad thing and low mileage doesn’t always mean the car is in great shape.
What Is Good Mileage for a Used Car?
There’s no simple answer to this question, because the way the car has been maintained and used may be more important than its mileage, according to AutoTrader. It’s a good idea to use caution when considering a car with high mileage, because certain components and engine parts simply don’t last forever, says AutoTrader. However, if the owner has kept up with maintenance and taken care of any issues, the car may have a lot of life left in it. AutoTrader also notes that how the car was used can make a difference. A car with 100,000 miles on mostly highways may be in better shape than a high-mileage car that was used mostly on city roads, which can be harder on a vehicle.
Is Low Mileage on a Used Car Better?
Low-mileage used cars can certainly be appealing, but it doesn’t necessarily make them a great deal. Low mileage can certainly mean less wear and tear and a longer life. However, if a car is driven infrequently, AutoTrader says that the plastic and rubber parts on the vehicle may dry out and get brittle. It’s also better for the drivetrain when the vehicle is used consistently. You may end up with a vehicle that needs a lot of repairs and reconditioning, says AutoTrader — which could cost you more in the long run.
It’s smart to check the mileage on a used vehicle, but keep in mind that how the vehicle has been maintained and used may be more important that what the odometer says.
Check for Leaks
Any car leaking fluids is generally a red flag for a needed repair. Check under the car to see if there’s any fluid leaking, says CARFAX. Black fluid might be an indicator of leaking oil, while green, yellow or pink fluid may indicate a leak in antifreeze and reddish fluid could be a leak in the transmission or power-steering fluid, says Cars.com.
Have a Mechanic Inspect It
A mechanic may be able to detect issues that you didn’t uncover, so consider having the car inspected by a professional, says Edmunds. Most auto service stations perform prepurchase inspections for a fee, and it can be well worth the price to avoid buying a car with major issues. After the inspection, you can feel better knowing you’re getting a sound car, says Edmunds. If there are some fixable issues uncovered, you could also use the inspection report to negotiate the purchase price with the seller.
Determine a Fair Purchase Price
To help ensure you’re being charged a fair price, make sure to compare prices for the same make, model and year with several sources. Checking and dealer prices can simply be done online. There are a number of online tools you can use to compare prices, including KBB and National Automobile Dealers Association Guides. Even though condition and mileage will play a role in price, you can still get a ballpark figure of the vehicle’s market value.
Do Your Research
There’s a lot of information online that can help you check on a particular vehicle’s history as well as whether there are any recalls on it.
Look Up the VIN
The Vehicle Identification Number, or VIN, can reveal a lot about a car. Checking a VIN decoder chart is a quick way to see if a used car’s VIN information matches up with what’s in the vehicle title and records, according to Edmunds. There are a number of VIN decoders available online, including one from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).
The VIN can also be used to see if there are any recalls on the vehicle. You can look up a vehicle by VIN on the NHTSA’s Safety Issues and Recalls page to see if the vehicle needs repairs due to a safety recall. Keep in mind, however, that there may not be information on an older vehicle, any nonsafety-related recalls or recently announced recalls. Certain brands and international vehicles may also not be listed.
Review the Vehicle History Report
A vehicle history report can help you see title problems, ownership history, service points and previous accidents, says KBB. You can get a vehicle history report online for a fee by entering the VIN or license plate number, says Edmunds. If you’re buying through a dealer, though, they may provide a history report for free.
Consider a Certified Pre-Owned Vehicle
Purchasing a Certified Pre-Owned (CPO) car can be a wise choice because it usually offers the buyer an extra level of quality assurance. KBB states that each manufacturer has different standards for CPO vehicles, but they’re typically less than five years old and have less than 75,000 miles on them. Generally, the dealer has checked all major systems and reconditioned the vehicle. Many dealers also offer these vehicles with warranties.
Avoid Being Rushed
To help ensure you’re buying a car you really like, Edmunds recommends that you don’t rush into buying a used car. Take the time to do your research and negotiate.
Following these tips may help you choose a used car that meets your needs and fits your budget. Knowing what to look for and consider can help you make an informed decision about your next vehicle.
Mike Orsini, Manager of Online Consumer Marketing at CARFAX, contributed to the video as well as earlier versions of this article.
Originally published on June 26, 2017.
Buying a used car might save you money — but it may also come with surprises. Keep these 10 things in mind to help you avoid ending up with a lemon.
Get a feel for how the car runs. Any weird engine noises? How are the brakes?
Park the car and let it idle for 30 seconds. Then pull forward and see if anything leaked.
Take a good look inside and out. If the car’s been in an accident, ask for a receipt of the repair work and make sure the repairs were done professionally.
Use your internet sleuthing skills to find consumer reviews of the make and model.
While you’re online, compare prices from several sources.
Getting an inspection from a mechanic before you buy can be well worth the price.
Certified pre-owned cars may offer an extra level of quality assurance.
Check a VIN decoder chart to make sure the car’s VIN information matches what’s in its title and records.
If the car has any skeletons in its closet, a vehicle history report may help you find them.
Overall, don’t be too quick to pull the trigger.
Steer to allstate.com/blog for more car-buying tips.