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What is Hazard Insurance?

Updated: September 2017

Hazard insurance is a term sometimes used to describe risks covered by a homeowners insurance policy. Covered risks (or hazards) often include damage to your home caused by fire and smoke, theft and vandalism, among others.

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Do You Need Hazard Insurance and Homeowners Insurance?

Homeowners insurance is sometimes referred to as "hazard insurance," according to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB). Protection from covered hazards, or perils, are generally included in a standard homeowners insurance policy. Mortgage lenders usually require proof that you have a homeowners insurance policy, says the CFPB.

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What Does Hazard Insurance Typically Cover?

Homeowners insurance includes three types of protection against covered perils (or hazards): dwelling coverage, other structures coverage and personal property coverage. These coverages may help pay to reimburse you for covered damage from perils such as:

It's important to remember that not all insurance policies are the same. Be sure to read your policy or check with your agent to learn what risks may or may not be covered by your policy. For example, damage caused by floods and earthquakes are typically not covered by homeowners insurance.

Protection against covered perils typically extends to both the physical structure of a home as well as the belongings you keep inside. Here's an overview of how a typical homeowners insurance policy may help protect you from perils such as the ones listed above.

Dwelling coverage.
The physical structure of a home is protected by dwelling coverage. For instance, if fire damages your walls or hail damages your siding, this coverage may help pay to repair the damage.

Other structures coverage.
Homeowners insurance typically extends to structures other than an actual home. If you have a fence, shed or detached garage on your property, you may find insurance will help pay to repair or replace them after a covered loss.

Personal property coverage.
Personal property is a term used to describe your belongings. Suppose your television is stolen or your furniture is damaged by a fire in your home. This coverage may help pay to replace items damaged or destroyed by certain perils.

Deductibles and Limits

When you file a homeowners insurance claim, you may have to pay a deductible, which is your share of a covered claim. The deductible for each coverage in your homeowners policy is stated in your policy declarations.

It's also important to understand that each coverage has a limit, which is the maximum amount your insurer will pay toward a covered loss. Any expenses beyond your coverage limit are your responsibility. Your insurance agent can help you raise or lower your coverage limits to suit your needs.

Have questions about insurance may help you should the unexpected occur? Contact a local agent for help crafting a homeowners insurance policy that fits your needs.

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This content is for informational purposes only and may not be applicable to all situations.

Coverage subject to terms, conditions, and availability. Policy issuance is subject to qualifications. Allstate Insurance Company, Allstate Indemnity Company, Allstate Fire and Casualty Insurance Company, Allstate Property and Casualty Insurance Company, Northbrook, IL. © 2018 Allstate Insurance Company, Northbrook, IL.
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