Updated: December 2016
Beginning in the 1970s, many U.S. states passed legislation to introduce "no-fault" auto insurance. According to the Insurance Information Institute (III), the goal was to simplify the process of determining which driver is responsible for an accident.
As of 2014, 12 states have some type of no-fault car insurance law, according to the III.
- No-fault insurance required. This type of coverage is mandatory in Florida, Hawaii, Kansas, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, North Dakota and Utah.
- No-fault insurance optional. Kentucky, New Jersey and Pennsylvania allow drivers to choose to buy either no-fault or traditional auto insurance.
In states without no-fault coverage, typical insurance claims may be paid out as follows:
In states with no-fault coverage,
- If you're injured in an accident caused by another driver: The at-fault driver's bodily injury liability coverage may help reimburse your medical expenses, up to the the policy limits.
- If you're injured in an accident you cause:Your medical payments coverage (if you've opted for it) may help reimburse your medical expenses, up to the limits you selected.
if you're injured in an accident, your personal injury protection (PIP) may help pay for associated costs:
- Regardless of who's at fault
- Up to a certain threshold set by your state's laws
According to the III, personal injury protection (PIP) may help cover:
- Your and your passengers' medical bills related to a car accident
- Expenses such as lost income, childcare and household services if your injuries prevent you from returning to work or doing necessary tasks for a period of time
Lost-wage benefits vary by state, however, and aren't necessarily guaranteed, so it's a good idea to read your policy or ask your agent to make sure you know what coverages your policy provides.
Need help understanding your state's no-fault insurance coverage? Get in touch with local insurance agent, who can help you understand your options.