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Typical Components of an Auto Insurance Policy

Updated: November 2016

No one wants to think about getting into a car accident, but it's a risk drivers face every day on the roads. The various types of car insurance coverage are available to help protect you, your passengers and your vehicle in the event of a car accident. Here are some common car insurance coverage options.

Child's hand playing with toy cars.

Liability Coverage

Auto liability coverage is mandatory in most states. Drivers are legally required to purchase at least the minimum amount of liability coverage set by state law. Liability coverage has two components:

  • Bodily injury liability may help pay for costs related to another person's injuries if you cause an accident.
  • Property damage liability may help pay for damage you cause to another person's property while driving.
Learn more: What Does Liability Car Insurance Typically Cover?

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Uninsured and Underinsured Motorist Coverage

If you're hit by a driver who doesn't have insurance, uninsured motorist coverage may help pay for your medical bills or, in some states, repairs to your vehicle. If you're hit by an underinsured driver, their liability limits aren't enough to cover your resulting medical bills. That's where underinsured motorist coverage may help.

Uninsured and underinsured motorist coverage is required in some states and optional in other states.

Learn more: What Does Uninsured Motorist Protection Typically Cover?

Comprehensive Coverage

Comprehensive may help cover damage to your car from things like theft, fire, natural disasters or vandalism. If your car is damaged by a covered peril, comprehensive coverage may help pay to repair or replace your vehicle (up to the vehicle's market value). This coverage has a deductible, which is the amount you'll pay out of pocket before your insurer reimburses you for a covered claim.

Comprehensive is typically an optional coverage — but your lender may require it if you're leasing or paying off your vehicle.

Learn more: What Is Comprehensive Auto Insurance?

Collision Coverage

If you're involved in an accident with another vehicle, or if you hit an object such as a fence, collision coverage may help. This coverage may help pay to repair or replace your car (up to its market value) after you pay your deductible toward a covered claim.

Collision coverage is typically optional. It may be required, however, by your vehicle's leaseholder or lender.

Learn more: What is Collision Insurance?

Medical Payments Coverage

If you, your passengers or family members who are driving the insured vehicle are injured in an accident, medical payments coverage may help pay for costs associated with the injuries. Coverage may help pay for hospital visits, surgery, X-rays and more.

Medical payments coverage is required in some states and optional in others.

Learn more: Understanding Medical Payments Coverage and Personal Injury Protection

Personal Injury Protection

Personal injury protection, or PIP, is only available in some states. Like medical payments coverage, PIP may help pay for your medical expenses after an accident. In addition, PIP may also help cover other expenses incurred because of your injuries — for example, child care expenses or lost income.

Personal injury protection is required in some states and optional in other states where it's available.

Learn more: Understanding Medical Payments Coverage and Personal Injury Protection

The typical components of an auto insurance policy are available to help protect you and your vehicle. Need help understanding which coverages are required and optional in your state? Talk to a local agent, who can help you choose the options that are right for you.


Coverage subject to terms, conditions and availability. Policy issuance is subject to qualifications. Allstate Property and Casualty Insurance Company, Allstate Fire and Casualty Insurance Company, Allstate Indemnity Company, Allstate New Jersey Property and Casualty Insurance Company.  © 2016 Allstate Insurance Company, Northbrook, IL.
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