What to do after an earthquake
Last updated: January 1
In the aftermath of an earthquake, buildings may be damaged, people could be hurt and community infrastructure and services could be affected. Or maybe power lines are down, street lights stopped working and your street is full of debris. Try to stay calm and keep the following tips in mind after an earthquake.
Check your property
Earthquakes may cause structural and utility damage to a home. If you think something looks structurally unsafe, the Central United States Earthquake Consortium (CUSEC) recommends evacuating. Once outside, you may want to survey the area for additional hazards and be mindful that aftershocks may cause trees, power lines or structures to fall and create hazards.
According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, the most common after-effect of an earthquake is fire. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) advises to extinguish small fires (if you can do so safely) and report larger ones to emergency services right away.
If a fire hasn't started but you notice damaged electrical wires or suspect a gas leak, FEMA says you can help prevent any additional damage or injuries by turning off the electricity and main gas line to your home. FEMA cautions to not use a match to light the way and to avoid using light switches or electrical appliances if you suspect a gas leak, as sparks may ignite the gas. Additionally, check your surrounding area for downed power lines and debris, says CUSEC.
Collect clean water
As you inspect the area around your home, note any damaged water lines, suggests FEMA. If water lines have been affected by the earthquake, the agency says not to drink the tap water. Listen to media reports, if possible, to learn of any water-related advisories. To keep hydrated, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says you can use the following sources in your home (but only if it is safe to go inside):
- Melted ice cubes
- Fluids from canned fruits and vegetables
- The water heater faucet
Use caution during cleanup
Prepare for aftershocks
In addition, FEMA says it's important to be prepared for possible aftershocks, which can occur hours, days, weeks or even months after the initial earthquake. While these are not generally as strong as the main quake, they can cause further damage if your home was weakened by the first tremor. In the event of an aftershock, the Red Cross advises to drop to the floor, find cover and wait until the ground stops shaking.
If you're outdoors when the ground starts shaking, the Red Cross says to drop to the ground in a spot away from trees, buildings and other structures, and remain there until the shaking shops. If you are in a car, stop in a clear location and remain inside the vehicle, with your seat belt fastened, until the quake ends.
Earthquakes and aftershocks can occur without warning. If you experience one, consider the above tips to help you stay safe.