What perils are covered by a homeowners insurance policy?
Last updated: August 2023
A peril is an event, like a fire or break-in, that may damage your home or belongings. The perils covered by your homeowners insurance are listed in your policy.
The list of mishaps you're protected against ("perils" in industry speak) is broad. Here's a look at what the Insurance Information Institute says are some of the most common perils covered by a typical homeowners insurance policy:
- Fire and smoke
- Lightning strikes
- Windstorms and hail
- Vandalism and malicious mischief
- Damage from an aircraft, car or vehicle
- Falling objects
- Weight of ice, snow or sleet
- Water damage
Check your homeowners insurance policy to learn what perils it covers.
Whether it's from an aerosol can or a propane grill, it's never good when something explodes in or around a home. Damage resulting from such explosions is usually covered by homeowners insurance.
Vandalism and malicious mischief
Homeowners insurance typically covers damage that results from such acts. That would include repairing or rebuilding your home or replacing your possessions if they were damaged by the event.
Damage from an aircraft, car, or vehicle
It may not be often that a plane or car crashes into a home, but when it happens, the images can be dramatic. The good news is that most homeowners policies help pay to repair damage resulting from such an event.
If an intruder breaks a window or door to gain access to your home, insurance will likely cover the damage. Items that are stolen are generally also protected by the personal property coverage that's part of most homeowners insurance policies. But you should know that most policies have limits on how much they'll pay out for specific types of personal property. You may be able to purchase additional coverage for those items.
Weight of ice, snow, or sleet
When the weight of heavy, wet snow or ice causes your roof to cave in, you'll find that your homeowners insurance will typically help cover the loss — for the damage to your home and your property inside.
Most homeowners policies will cover water damage from burst pipes or water heaters when the cause is sudden and accidental (but not the damage to the pipe or water heater if they burst because of defect or wear and tear). So, if your water heater bursts and soaks your drywall, you're likely protected from the water damage. Water damage from a flood requires a separate flood insurance policy. Water damage from water backup from sewers or drains or overflow of water from a sump pump typically requires additional optional coverage.
A homeowners insurance policy may help cover damage resulting from several incidents, but likely also comes with a list of scenarios that it won't cover. Also, remember that coverage limits and deductibles will apply.