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How Car Insurance
Deductibles and Limits Work

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What is an Insurance Deductible?

If you're looking for auto insurance, it's important to understand what deductibles and limits mean for you and your policy. Let's say you're in a covered car accident. Your deductible would be the amount of money you pay out-of-pocket before your policy kicks in. But, every policy type only covers up to a certain amount. This is called a limit.

Here's how a deductible works:

  • Your vehicle is damaged in an accident and it will cost $7,000 to fix it.
  • Your claim is covered by your collision insurance and you have a collision deductible of $1,000.
  • You pay your $1,000 deductible and your insurance company pays the remaining $6,000.
  • If you have comprehensive and collision coverages on your policy, you'll need to select deductibles for each coverage.

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How to Choose a Car Insurance Deductible

High deductibles on your auto insurance policy will mean you'll pay more out of pocket if your vehicle is damaged or stolen. But high deductibles can also lower your rates on your insurance. Lower deductibles will mean you'll pay less to repair or replace your car, but can increase your premiums.

Consider how much you can comfortably afford to pay out of your own pocket if you need to file a claim. Can you set aside that amount to cover the out-of-pocket expense?

When You Might Need to Pay an Auto Insurance Deductible

You may be required to pay a deductible each time you file a claim for damage to your vehicle.

So, if your car is damaged by hail in a covered incident, you'll have to pay your comprehensive deductible before your insurance company will step in. Or, if your vehicle is damaged in a covered accident, you'll have to pay your collision deductible.

However, if you're in an accident with another driver that's determined to be his or her fault, you may not have to pay your collision deductible. The at-fault driver would pay for any covered damage to your vehicle or you may pay your deductible upfront and get reimbursed from the at fault party through subrogation.

You might also decide not to file a claim at all if the cost of repairing any damage is less than your deductible amount. Remember that policies are different and insurance varies by state. Read your policy carefully to make sure you understand your coverages and deductibles.

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What is an Insurance Limit?

Most of the coverage offered under your policy covers up to a certain amount. This is called a limit. Let's say you're at fault in an accident where the other driver involved is injured, and you owe $57,000 for the other driver's medical expenses. Your chosen limit for bodily injury liability coverage is $50,000. This means insurance pays $50,000 and you pay $7,000.

Remember, choosing a higher limit may mean you pay more for insurance now, but it could save you money later if you have an accident.

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Please note that this website provides only a summary of auto insurance, written to illustrate in general terms how auto insurance works. Your insurance policy is the legal contract that contains the terms and limitations of your coverage. You should carefully review the contents of your policy. All products and coverages are subject to availability and limitations. Whether an accident or other loss is covered is subject to the terms and conditions of your insurance policy.

Allstate Your Choice Auto®, Accident Forgiveness, Deductible Rewards®, Safe Driving Bonus® Check, and New Car Replacement are optional and subject to terms and conditions. NOT AVAILABLE IN EVERY STATE. Patent pending. Deductible Rewards apply to collision coverage. In NY and PA, deductible amount will not go below $100. Safe Driving Bonus Check is not available in every state and may not be available for renewal customers until next policy period. Amounts less than $5 will be applied to renewal bill. Safe Driving Bonus is optional and subject to terms and conditions. Policy issuance is subject to qualifications.

Certain property and casualty insurance offered through Allstate Insurance Company, Allstate Indemnity Company, Allstate Property and Casualty Insurance Company and Allstate Fire and Casualty Insurance Company: Northbrook, IL; Allstate County Mutual Insurance Company: Irving, TX; Allstate New Jersey Insurance Company: Bridgewater, NJ. Life insurance and annuities offered through Allstate Life Insurance Company and in NY, Allstate Life Insurance Company of New York. Please contact your Allstate Agent, call 1-800-ALLSTATE for complete information on other products and services.

Many factors go into the cost of your auto insurance policy, including how you purchase the policy: online, through a call center, or with an agent.
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